Rav Baruch Fried Case: Reuven was in the middle of working out a complex business…
Rav Eliezer Cohen
Question: We previously spoke about the importance of patronizing Jewish businesses. Does the same mitzvah apply to large Jewish-owned supermarket chain stores? Should one give them priority over non-Jewish chain stores?
Answer: Generally speaking, shopping in a large chain store owned by a Jew would also fall under the mitzvah of supporting a Jew and is the proper thing to do.
In Sefer Teshuvos Vehanhagos, Rav Moshe Sternbuch shlita offers an interesting justification for those who are not strict to only buy from Jewish stores. He suggests that it could be that one only is obligated to buy from a Jewish store if the owner needs this business to earn his livelihood. If he has enough money to live and one would only be providing him with extra money by shopping in his store, it could be argued that there is no strict obligation to shop there. In this case, Rav Sternbuch suggests that he may be permitted to purchase from a non-Jewish store for even a slightly cheaper price, thereby saving himself money, rather than giving the store owner extra money.
Rav Sternbuch says that he did not find this chiddush in any sefer and is merely offering it as a justification for those who do not frequent Jewish stores.
Rav Yaakov Blau zt”l, in his Sefer Tzedaka U’Mishpat on the laws of tzedakah, discusses a case where someone in the market to buy a Sefer Torah has two options – he can either buy a Torah from a large safrus company or from an indigent private sofer. The private sofer needs the money badly, but he cannot match the price of the large business and will have to charge more for his Torah. Rav Blau rules that if the buyer would purchase the Torah from the poor man, he may use ma’aser money to cover the difference in cost.
I would suggest that the same ruling would apply when it comes to purchasing from stores. While one is not required to shop in a Jewish store if the prices are significantly higher than a non-Jewish store, if one does patronize the Jewish store, he may use ma’aser money to cover the difference in price. It could be argued that this would only apply to a local store, where the owner needs the money to live; however, a large chain store may be different and it is not clear that one could use maaser money to shop there.
This month’s shiur has been sponsored by Mr. and Mrs. Avigdor Fried, in memory of שלמה בן אביגדור משה ז”ל, מלכה בת משה ע”ה, יצחק יעקב בן אליהו ז”ל, רבקה בת גבריאל חיים ע”ה